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Revisjon per 22. jan. 2017 kl. 18:50 av Jaknil (diskusjon | bidrag)
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Calibrating the X700 lasercutter

The Bitraf laser cutter is from the Chinese company Redsail. To use the laser, training is required in the form of the laser-workshop. To learn how to maintain the laser, you should attend the Maintenance-workshop.


The most important thing to keep clean is the metal mesh that ventilates the cutting area. Clean with a wet cloth/paper and dry it after. If this is blocked, smoke will build up and that will reduce the effect of the laser. It will also stick to the mirrors, so make sure the cutting area is always well ventilated. Preferably - start each session by cleaning the mesh.

The second most important thing is to check that the mirrors are clean. We have special cleaning swabs available in the Laser supplies box. only use these, but DO NOT clean the mirrors excessively! Only clean them when they are visibly dirty since (just like glasses) they will become a little more matte with each cleaning. As long as the cutting area is well ventilated, you will rarely need to clean them.


Over time, the optical system looses focus and the mirrors must be aligned. Once every two months will be enough, but be aware that this is a task not done by someone without extensive laser experience. If the laser is not cutting optimally, DO NOT try to focus it yourself. Instead contact Thomas or others in the Bitraf board and they will find someone to do the calibration (but you are very welcome to join in on the calibration session to learn!).

Mirror adjustments screws Each mirror has 3 adjustment screws and two fastening screws. The fastening screws have a spring resting on a disc. The screw should not be fully tightened. It needs to apply pressure, but be flexible so that you can tweak the adjustment screws. Each screw also has a locking ring. When calibrating, it's useful to loosen this completely. As soon as a mirror is perfectly aligned/centered, make sure to fasten the rings as the movement of the laser will eventually vibrate the screws loose. (TODO: Try locking these better.)

Tape and pulse method The process is simple, but time consuming. You'll need some white(ish) masking tape (or similar) and cleaning swabs. Set the laser to pulse 0.2 seconds at 20% effect (if not already set). Place a piece of masking tape in front of the target of the mirror you want to align. Each pressing of the pulse button will then leave a nice, little brown mark on the masking tape and you use this to align the laser beam.

There are 4 steps to calibrating:

Step 1: first mirror mounting

(This step can be skipped if you are doing a minor tune up.)

The first mirror is right at the exit of the laser tube and it is fixed to the machine itself with 4 screws.

Use the tape and pulse method described above to test were the laser hits the mirror entrance hole. It is good enough if the mark is well inside the circular hole in the mirror mount. It does not have to be dead center.

If you are doing a minor tune up it is unlikely that you will have to do any adjustments in this step. If you have to you can loosen the four screws holding the mirror fixed to the machine and adjust it so that you hit the mirror with the laser.

Step 2: Second mirror (x axis)

TODO: fill in details here

Step 3: third mirror (y axis)

TODO: fill in details here

Step 4: optics and height

TODO: fill in details here